Dummy Aerodrome - Operation Starfish
The Dummy Aerodrome above Sowerby near the drained Flints reservoir was rumoured among the locals that it was to be somehow illuminated in the dark to resemble Manchester and its various suburbs, then hopefully any enemy aircraft flying over would recognize the decoy site as being Manchester and unload their bombs onto "safe" moorland instead of the built up area. However the "target" is now believed to have been made to resemble railway junctions at Todmorden, Littleborough or Rochdale which in the 1940's were quite large marshalling areas.
During daylight hours the outbuildings and apparatus could easily be mistaken for normal farm buildings and sheds, but when fired up at night they resembled incendiaries and bombs exploding with buildings on fire and in the Sowerby site probably incorporating the red and green railway signaling devices.
These "dummy aerodromes" were called Starfish sites and were used to decoy German night bombers away from bombing real towns. This was Britain's way of deceiving German bomber pilots, and was designed to protect various targets, which could include airfields, factories, and even cities. They were established in July 1940 by the National Decoy Authority, as part of a programme of civil defences known as the "C-series" of civil decoys. They were operated by lighting a series of controlled fires and various pyrotechnic displays during an air raid, in order to simulate an urban area being targeted by bombs. There were various types of smaller sites including the "QL" decoy sites which used a grid "strip light" system which muted lights to resemble factories with a badly observed blackout system.
Operation starfish, or decoy sites as they were also known, were instigated at the beginning of WW2. There is very little information about such areas still available; also there are even fewer sites with the relevant buildings remaining. These sites were usually located between 0ne and eight miles east of the prospective target. The curious red brick structure at Slate Delfs Hill is the remains of a decoy site standing on the hilltop above Steep lane and the Flints area and was intended to confuse enemy pilots into thinking that they were over the target area.
"Starfish" were large fire decoys which replicated explosions and fires that occurred during air raids they usually included a boiling oil trough linked to oil and water tanks. The trough contained creosote and coal, diesel oil was then fed in and ignited, after 15 minutes some water was released into the trough which produced a violent explosion and a burst of flame, up to thirty feet high; the same effect as trying to put out a frying pan fire with a spray of water.
The concrete bunker was a two roomed control area which housed the servicemen and women, entry was gained behind the Blast Wall through a short passage, and the decoy fire was located SW facing Great Manshead hill.
The name "Starfish" came from the name of one of the sites from its original code, SF for Special Fire
By John Kerridge